Henan Attractions: 6 View Spots Worth to Visit in Henan
Henan is the cradle civilization of China with lots of famous Henan attractions. In the ancient period, lots of emperors choose to settle their capitals in Henan. Therefore, many ancient capitals still exist in Henan with splendid culture. Some cities like Luoyang, Dengfeng, Anyang and Kaifeng have many historic sites. One of the most famous Kungku originated from Shaolin Temple in Dengfeng, Henan. Let’s witness cultural Henan attractions together.
Dengfeng “The Center of Heaven and Earth” Historic Building Clusters
Dengfeng is situated at the foot of Mount Songshan, where the Shaolin styles of martial arts were originated. “The center of Heaven and Earth” historic buildings clusters is composed of eight clusters of buildings and sites, which represented by the buildings in Shaolin Temple, Pagoda Forest, Zhongyue Temple, Songyang Academy, Dengfeng Observatory and Zhougong Sundial Platform etc.
Shaolin Temple is a world famous Buddhist temple in Dengfeng which is located at the west of Mt.Songshan- Shaoshi Mountain. This is the place where coexists Chinese Kung Fu, Martial Arts and the Zen Buddhism. Visitors could watch Kungfu Show, martial arts and Shaolin Zen Musical Ritual Ceremony. Pagoda Forest is another highlight to visit. It is the graveyard of monks from different dynasties which covers 21000 square meters. Owning more than 230 pagodas, it is the largest pagoda forest in China.
Kaifeng Millennium Garden Park
Kaifeng Millennium Park also called Kaifeng Qingming Riverside Landscape is a top tourist in Kaifeng. Riverside Scene at Qingming Festival is a famous painting which describes the prosperous Kaifeng in the Northern Song Dynasty. This famous painter is Zhengzeduan from the Northern Song Dynasty. It’s a cultural park where embodies the folk customs, royal garden and entertainment.
There are some famous scenic spots like City Gate Tower and Rainbow Bridge. Chinese traditional football, cockfight, royal shadow play, spitting fire show…. Especially live show combines the music, dances and costumes from Song Dyansty are really something worth to see. Dreamlike Glory in the Eastern Capital of Song Dynasty is a wonderful show among these. All these traditional activities could bring you back to Song Dynasty. After this, Dongjing night market is also available for visitor enjoying all kinds of traditional snacks.
Anyang Yin Ruins
Anyang is a cultural city full of human civilization with capital, character and bronze ware. And Anyang Yin Ruins is a UNESCO world cultural heritage site which refers to archaeological discoveries in Anyang, mainly concluding unearthed bronze, pottery, bones and other artifacts from Yin and Shang Dynasties.
Simuwu square bronze unearthed in Yin ruins is the most famous sacrificial bronze around the world which also makes it the largest and heaviest bronze caldron of the world. In addition, 150, 000 pieces of oracles are also unearthed in Yin Ruins. Inscriptions on oracles are the earliest Chinese characters found at present in China. In addition, the palace-temple site unearthed in Yin Ruins is totally a symbol of flourishing Shang Dynasty. Fuhao Tomb unearthed in Yin Ruins is a famous royal tomb of Shang Dynasty. Because of its great value, Anyang Yin Ruins has proved both historical relics of Chinese culture and human civilization.
Jiaozuo Yuntai Mountain
Yuntai Mountain is located at the northwest of Zhengzhou in Xiuwu County Jiaozuo, which covers a total area of 280 square kilometers.
Yuntai Mountain is famous for verdant vegetarian, water and mountains. As far as now, Yuntai Mountain is known as National Forest Park, National Geologic Park and National Macaque Natural Reserve.
Yuntai Mountain has mainly eleven scenic areas concluding Quanpu Gorge, Red Stone Gorge, Tanpu Gorge, Cornel Peak, Wanshan Temple, Macaque Valley, Zifang Lake, Diecai Cave, Baijia Cliff, Fenglin Gorge, Qinglong Gorge. Some of them are worth really something that worth to visit. For example, Quanpu gorge scenic area has China’s highest waterfall-Yuntai Waterfall, which reaches 314 meters high. Red Rock Gorge is called No.1 landscape in Central Plains with extraordinary rock sceneries and rare red rock. In the Macaque Valley, visitors could even have macaque show in the scenic area.
Located on both sides of Yi River, the Longmen Grottoes is a splendid treasure for human history in terms of Chinese Buddhist arts listed as UNESCO World Heritage. Longmen Grottoes was mainly built in North Wei and Tang Dynasties, which lasted over 400 years.
Over 110,000 Buddhist limestone statues within the 2345 caves and niches, ranging from 1 inch to 57 feet in height are well preserved on the site. The steep limestone cliffs are over a 1km long stretch from north side to south. Fengxian Temple is the largest and most exquisite grottoes among them. It was built in Tang Dynasty under the support of Empress Wuzetian. Among the nine carved statues, Locana Buddha-the chief Buddha is the largest statue here, towering 17.14 m high, with her head 4 m high and her ears 1.9 m long. The giant and plumpish figures are considered as a symbol of powerful Tang Dynasty.
Wanfo Cave houses 15,000 Buddha carved in small niches, hence its name. These Buddha are different from each other, with the smallest Buddha being 2 centimeters in heights. Some singers and dancers with instruments seems lively and gracefully. Lotus Cave was named after a huge and well sculpted lotus flower engraved on the dome. Some inscriptions in fine calligraphy of writings on the cave are still used now.
White Horse Temple
Established in 68 AD, Luoyang Horse Temple is the first Buddhist temple in China. Besides, it is claimed as the cradle of Chinese Buddhism. It is tranquil and truly beautiful with lots of various pagodas and pavilions.
In the international area, there are India, Thailand, Burma and any other style Buddha hall. Besides, some famous architecture all has distinctive characters like Hall of Heavenly Kings, Hall of Great Buddha, the Drum Tower and Pilu Library etc. Hall of Heavenly Kings consist Four Great Heavenly Kings, where are Duowen Heavenly King, Zengzhang Heavenly King, Chiguo Heavenly King and Guangmu Heavenly King. These four kings are bold and powerful figures. The Mahavira Hall is the biggest hall in the White Horse Temple. All statues are exquisite which is definitely a feast of eyes for visitors.
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